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Bird of paradise, Ave del paraiso, عصفور الجنة, Paradiesvogelblume, Strelitzia reginae, 극락조화, Kralowska strelicija, ציפור גן עדן (פרח), Puošnioji strelicija, Paradijsvogelbloem, Strelicja królewska, Strelitzia reginae, Kolibrikukka, Papegojblomma, Thiên điểu, 鹤望兰

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Bird of Paradise Strelitzia Reginae Flower


Bird of paradise, watercolor


Watercolor of a Bird of Paradise, Strelitzia Reginae


Watercolor of Bird of Paradise Strelitzia Reginae


Bird of paradise Strelitzia reginae

Strelitzia reginae (Bird of paradise) is a monocotyledonous flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. Common names include Strelitzia, Crane Flower or Bird of Paradise, though these names are also collectively applied to other species in the genus Strelitzia. Its scientific name commemorates Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen consort of King George III.

The plant grows to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall, with large, strong leaves 25–70 cm (9.8–28 in) long and 10–30 cm (3.9–12 in) broad, produced on petioles up to 1 m (39 in) long. The leaves are evergreen and arranged in two ranks, making a fan-shaped crown. The flowers stand above the foliage at the tips of long stalks. The hard, beak-like sheath from which the flower emerges is termed the spathe. This is placed perpendicular to the stem, which gives it the appearance of a bird's head and beak; it makes a durable perch for holding the sunbirds which pollinate the flowers. The flowers, which emerge one at a time from the spathe, consist of three brilliant orange sepals and three purplish-blue petals. Two of the blue petals are joined together to form an arrow-like nectary. When the sunbirds sit to drink the nectar, the petals open to cover their feet in pollen.

S. reginae is very popular as an ornamental plant. It was first introduced to Europe in 1773, when it was grown at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Since then, it has been widely introduced around the world, including the Americas and Australia, growing well in any area that is sunny and warm. In the United States, Florida and California are the main areas of cultivation, due to their warm climate. It is a common ornamental plant in Southern California, and has been chosen as the Official Flower of the City of Los Angeles, where they are all but unkillable.

It is propagated by division or from seeds, and is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to grow in the garden; it is fairly tolerant of soil conditions and needs little water once established. If cared for well, they will flower several times in a year. They will thrive in rich loamy soil, especially when they get plenty of water throughout the year. They do well in full sun to semi-shade and respond well to regular feeding with a controlled release fertiliser and compost. They are sensitive to cold and need to be sheltered from frost, as it can damage the flowers and leaves.

S. reginae is slow-growing and will not bloom until three to five years have passed since germination (though it can exceptionally flower at two years).[2] It flowers only when properly established and division of the plant may affect flowering patterns. The flowers are, however, quite long-lasting once they appear. Peak flowering is in the winter and early spring. There is a yellow-flowered cultivar of this plant known as Mandela's Gold Strelitzia.

Bird of Paradise flowers are associated with liberty, magnificence, and good perspective.

The bird of paradise plant should be watered thoroughly but then allowed to dry out almost completely before re-watering, they don’t like to be over-watered, and in the rest period (winter) they should only be watered when the soil is almost completely bone dry. When growing begins in the Spring they should be given phostrogen feed once every two weeks, to encourage new growth.

Scale insect, Red spider mite, White fly and Green fly are the main culprits and the best solution is to wash your tree with soapy water every few days to cut down the insect numbers, or simply give it a good hose down.

    Scientific classification
  1. Kingdom: Plantae
  2. (unranked): Angiosperms
  3. (unranked): Monocots
  4. (unranked): Commelinids
  5. Order: Zingiberales
  6. Family: Strelitziaceae
  7. Genus: Strelitzia
  8. Species: S. reginae

Genre works, also called genre scenes or genre views, are pictorial representations in any of various media that represent scenes or events from everyday life, such as markets, domestic settings, interiors, parties, inn scenes, and street scenes. Such representations may be realistic, imagined, or romanticized by the artist. Some variations of the term genre works specify the medium or type of visual work, as in genre painting, genre prints, genre photographs, and so on.

Genre painting Genre painting, also called genre scene or petit genre, depicts aspects of everyday life by portraying ordinary people engaged in common activities. One common definition of a genre scene is that it shows figures to whom no identity can be attached either individually or collectively - thus distinguishing them from history paintings and portraits. A work would often be considered as a genre work even if it could be shown that the artist had used a known person - a member of his family, say - as a model. In this case it would depend on whether the work was likely to have been intended to be perceived as a portrait by the artist - sometimes a rather subjective question. The depictions can be realistic, imagined, or romanticized by the artist. Because of their familiar and frequently sentimental subject matter, genre paintings have often proven popular with the bourgeoisie, or middle class. The petit name contrasts this with the grand genre, history painting. Genre themes appear in nearly all art traditions. Painted decorations in ancient Egyptian tombs often depict banquets, recreation, and agrarian scenes, and even medieval prayer books such as the Book of Hours (see Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc De Berry) are decorated with "peasant" scenes of daily life.

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Category:Plants described in 1789
Category:Flora of South Africa
Category:Ornamental plants


Bird of Paradise Strelitzia Reginae Copyright 1976-2013 Dr. Gloria Norris.  Click   expulsion from paradise  to contact the artist for prices or information

Bird of paradise, Ave del paraiso, عصفور الجنة, Paradiesvogelblume, Strelitzia reginae, 극락조화, Kralowska strelicija, ציפור גן עדן (פרח), Puošnioji strelicija, Paradijsvogelbloem, Strelicja królewska, Strelitzia reginae, Kolibrikukka, Papegojblomma, Thiên điểu, 鹤望兰