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    Federico García Lorca
    Granada, España

    Federico García Lorca, English Federico Gracía Lorca, Spanish



    Poet and Spanish dramatist; he is the writer of this more famous nationality of century XX and one of his supreme artists. Its murder during the first days of the Spanish Civil War made of him a specially remarkable victim of the Francoism, which contributed that its work was known. Nevertheless, sixty years after the crime, its valuation and its universal prestige permanenecen inalterable. It was born in Source Cattle (Granada), in a family of relieved economic position. It studied baccalaureate and music in its native city and, between 1919 and 1928, lived in the Residence of Students, of Madrid, an important center of cultural interchanges where friend became of Rescuing painter Dalí, the film director Luis Buñuel and also the poet Rafael Alberti, among others, to those who he captivated with his multiple talents. It traveled to New York and Cuba in 1929-30. It returned to Spain and it wrote theater works that him made famous very. He was director of the university theater the Cabin, lecturer, composer of songs and was much successful in Argentina and Uruguay, countries to which traveled in 1933-34. His first poems were gathered in poem Book, of 1921, an anthology that has great profits. In 1922 it organized with the composer Manuel de Falla, the first festival of sings jondo, and that same year wrote the Poem indeed of sings jondo, although it would not publish it until 1931. The First gypsy romancero, of 1928, is a brilliant poetry example composed from popular materials, and offers a Andalusia of mythical character by means of overwhelming metaphors and symbols like the moon, the colors, the horses, the water, or the fish, destined to transmit sensations where the love and the death emphasize with force. After Poems in prosa, a great prophetic and Metaphysical cycle in which the author bets by the pressed ones, without letting wrote in New York remove to shine its intimate obsessions. The cycle was going to consist of two books, Poet in New York, written between 1929 and 1930, but that was not published until 1940, and Earth and Moon, of which some poems were including in Diván of the Tamarit, concluded in 1934, although also were published posthumously. Often described as surrealistas, the poems of that key work of Garci'a Lorca who is Poet in New York, express the horror before the lack by natural roots, the absence of a unificadora mythology or of a collective dream which they give sense to an impersonal society, it does violence to and torn. On the other hand, the incompletos Sonetos of the dark love, written during one season in the New England (the United States), express one more a more personal desperation and constitute admirable samples of eroticism, that only recently have been presented. Another important poem of Lorca, within the line of neoPopulism, is the Weeping by Ignacio Sanchez Mejías, of 1935, one chose compound when dying that intellectual bullfigther, friend of many of the poets of the generation of Lorca. Whereas the Six galegos poems, of the same year, are able to extend evident the popular references. The theater of Lorca is, next to the one of Valle-Incla'n, the most important writing in Castilian during century XX is a theater of a range very varied with symbols or fantastic personages like the death and the Moon, lírico, sometimes, with a deep sense of the forces of the nature and the life. Between its farces, written from 1921 to 1928, they emphasize Tragicomedy of Don Cristóbal and Retablillo of Don Cristóbal, pieces of guiñol, and mainly the prodigious shoemaker's wife, an atmosphere work Andalusian who faces reality and imagination. Also Love of Don Perlimplín with Belisa in its garden belongs to the category of farce. Of 1930 and 1931 they are the dramas described like - irrepresentables -, the public and So they spend five years, complex works with influence of the psychoanalysis, that put in scene the same theater fact, the revolution and the homosexualidad, from a complex system of correspondences. Two rural tragedies are Weddings of blood, of 1933, and Barren one, of 1934, where they combine mythology, poetic worlds and reality. In Doña Rosita the unmarried one, of 1935, approaches the problem of solterona Spanish, something that also appears in the house of White Bernarda, concluded in June of 1936, and that the critic usually considers the work fundamental of Lorca. In the beginning of his race also it had written two modernist dramas, the curse of the butterfly (1920) and Mariana Pineda (1927). The world of Garci'a Lorca supposes a creative capacity, to be able of synthesis and natural faculty to catch, to express and to combine the greater sum of poetic resonances, without apparent effort, and to arrive perfectly, not like result of a technique obtained with effort, but almost of blow. The variety of forms and tonality is overwhelming, with the love, presented/displayed in a cosmic and pansexualista sense, sterility, the childhood and the death like fundamental reasons. Their antifascist positions and their fame turned to him a fatal victim of the Civil War, in Granada, where they shot to him.


    Adam Ode to Salvador Dali
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